AEMP Highlight: ANSI A92.24 - Training Requirements, Operation, Inspection, Testing and Maintenance
Monday, March 4, 2019
Posted by: AEMP
Too often companies complain that industry standard cost too much to comply with. It is important to recognize that the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) mission is to “enhance both the global competitiveness of U.S. business and the U.S. quality of life by promoting and facilitating voluntary consensus standards and conformity assessment systems, and safeguarding their integrity”,
A standard is simply an agreed way of doing something. Industry standards define accepted requirements related to a process or procedure that will result in acceptable levels of performance. By defining standardized processes and procedures, all are on a level competitive playing field while achieving consistent acceptable results.
In December 2018 ANSI A92 committee published a new standard - A92.24 Training Requirements for the Use, Operation, Inspection, Testing and Maintenance of Mobile Elevated Work Platforms (MEWPs). This standard offers a singular focus on requirements for application, inspection, training, maintenance, repair and safe operation of Mobile Elevating Work Platforms (hereafter known as MEWPs).
ANSI A92 standard have always required operator training, with general instructions to include “the inspection, application and operation of aerial platforms, including recognition and avoidance of hazards associated with their operation”. The standard listed 11 topics to include in the training.
One of the topics was the “actual operation of the aerial platform. Under the direction of a qualified person, the trainee shall operate the aerial platform for a sufficient period of time to demonstrate proficiency in the actual operation of the aerial platform.”
Examining just this one topic, you can understand how subjective compliance could be that could result in significant variances in the training. How long is a ‘sufficient period of time”? How are you measuring “proficiency”?
The A92.24 training standard defines methods and guidelines to prepare MEWP training materials, administrative criteria, and delivery elements required for proper training and familiarization and include the safe use requirements defined in the A92.22 safe use standard.
The standard defines the training content required for both theory (classroom/online) and practical (hands-on) training. The scope of the knowledge and skills for an operator are clearly stated. Further, the standard requires each trainee to demonstrate competency and show proficiency in both theory (classroom/online) and practical (hands‐on). Results of both theory (classroom/online) and practical (hands-on) evaluations must be documented.
The standard offers non-compulsory examples of theory and practical knowledge evaluation sheets. While the examples are non-compulsory, the requirement to document is not and the details in the examples generally become expected by regulators.
Note that the theory training includes the use of on-line courses to delivery the training. Regardless if theory training is delivered through an instructor led or online course, they n=must be documented and must also include a hands-on practical evaluation.
The practical evaluation is required for each MEWP classification that the operator will be authorized to operate. 1a, 1b, 2a, 2b, 3a, 3b are new categories made up of a MEWP group and a MEWP type. Users and operator must become aware of these new categories.
The administration of training defines requirements that may have been assumed as common sense and not specifically addressed prior. Trainer qualifications, requirements for both theory and practical training environments, testing and documentation are specified.
Language has been added to address the selection of individual who are physically and mentally capable to operate the MEWP safely and the requirement that training be presented in a manner that trainees can understand.
The operator training requirement now includes delivery of occupant knowledge by the operator. The content if defined in the standard that will ensure all occupants have a basic level of knowledge to work safely on the MEWP. This instruction also provides at least one of the occupants with the knowledge to operate the controls in an emergency where the operator cannot.
A completely new training requirement is the training for supervisor who are assigned by the user to monitor operator performance and supervise their work. This training basically includes the rules, regulations and standards that apply to MEWPs, and specially the proper selection of the correct MEWP and identification of potential hazards associated with use of MEWPs and the means to protect against identified hazards.
The standard also addresses the requirements for retraining - the instruction required based on the user's observations or evaluations to maintain a previously trained person's status as a qualified operator.
The training standard will greatly enhance the learning required for operators, occupants and MEWP supervisors to safely and effective use MEWPs to access their temporary work at height. The standard will promote the deliver of effective, standardized training that meets the requirements within the safe use and training standards. Your projects and task will become safer and more productive.
On March 20, 2;45-4:15pm you are invited to an educational session “NEW ANSI A92 Mobile Elevating Work Platform Standards: Understanding the Impact and YOUR Responsibilities”. AEMP has assembled a panel of 5 industry experts to provide a summary of changes and spend the majority of the session answering YOUR questions. Please submit in advance any questions on the topic to firstname.lastname@example.org to have your questions answered at the session. Questions will be accepted at the session as well.
We look forward to seeing you in Orlando!